Speech Perception Performance of Native Speakers of Marathi: Effect of Filtered Speech Stimulus and Degree of Hearing Impairment

No Thumbnail Available
Rathna Kumar, S. B.
Dash, Niharika
Bapuji, Mendem
Arulmozi, S.
Chandanshive, Chandrahas
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The study investigated the effect of filtered speech stimulus on speech perception performance of native speakers of Marathi as a function of degree of hearing impairment. Speech identification score (SIS) testing was performed to measure speech perception on three groups (Group I, Group II, and Group III consisted of participants with moderate, moderately-severe, and severe sensorineural hearing impairment respectively). Speech stimuli comprised eight word-lists with each list consisting of 25 words in Marathi. The first seven word-lists (first to seven) were filtered at 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz, 2500 Hz, 3000 Hz, and 3500 Hz cut-off frequencies, respectively, while word list 8 was left unfiltered. Although, the SIS improved with increase in cut-off frequency, the improvement in SIS with increase in cut-off frequency of speech stimulus was noticed up to 3000 Hz, 2500 Hz, and 2000 Hz for participants of Group I, Group II, and Group III, respectively. In addition, the improvement in speech perception performance did not correspond to what would be anticipated with an increase in the cut-off frequency of speech stimulus for participants of Group II and Group III compared to participants of Group I. Although, there was a significant reduction in SIS as a function of the degree of hearing impairment for speech stimulus filtered at 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz, 2500 Hz, and 3000 Hz cut-off frequencies, there was no significant effect of degree of hearing impairment on SIS for speech stimulus filtered at 500 Hz and 1000 Hz cut-off frequencies.
Cut-off frequency, Degree of hearing impairment, Filtered speech stimulus, Marathi, Speech identification score
Theory and Practice in Language Studies. v.12(2)